What is Saint Basil known for?
He was an influential theologian who supported the Nicene Creed and opposed the heresies of the early Christian church, fighting against both Arianism and the followers of Apollinaris of Laodicea. In addition to his work as a theologian, Basil was known for his care of the poor and underprivileged.
Why is St Basil the Great important?
Basil the Great, Latin Basilius, (born ad 329, Caesarea Mazaca, Cappadocia—died January 1, 379, Caesarea; Western feast day January 2; Eastern feast day January 1), early Church Father who defended the orthodox faith against the Arian heresy.
Where was St Basil the Great born?
He is buried in St. Basil’s Cathedral in Moscow, which was commissioned by Ivan for commemoration of his conquest of Kazan’ and was named for the saint later.
What did St Basil believe?
Basil was certain that Arianism was heretical, but he also believed that the Nicene party, adhering strictly to the language of the Council of Nicaea (325), had not yet presented a defensible theological formulation of the orthodox position.
What is meant by Doctor of the Church?
Doctor of the church, in Roman Catholicism, any of the 36 saints whose doctrinal writings have special authority. The writings and teachings of the various doctors of the church are of particular importance to Roman Catholic theology, and their works are considered to be both true and timeless.
Where are Cappadocian fathers from?
The Cappadocia region, in modern-day Turkey, was an early site of Christian activity, with several missions by Paul in this region. The Cappadocians advanced the development of early Christian theology, for example the doctrine of the Trinity, and are highly respected as saints in both Western and Eastern churches.
Who was St Vasilios?
Basil of Caesarea, also known as St. Basil the Great or Agios Vasilios, is one of the most important New Year’s figures in all of Greece. He was born in Pontus in 330, into a wealthy family of ten children. His maternal grandfather was executed in during the years of Christian persecution.
Who built St Basil’s Cathedral?
Under the unlearned Nectarius, the successor of Gregory of Nazianzus at Constantinople, Gregory of Nyssa was the leading orthodox theologian of the church in Asia Minor in the struggle against the Arians. Gregory was primarily a scholar, whose chief contribution lay in his writings.